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In England and other European countries, the term 'bioarchaeology' is borrowed to cover all biological remains from sites.
Bioarchaeology was largely born from the practices of New Archaeology, which developed in the US in the 1970s as a reaction to a mainly cultural-historical approach to understanding the past.
Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.
The solidified part is also known as a casting, which is ejected or broken out of the mold to complete the process.
In metalworking, metal is heated until it becomes liquid and is then poured into a mold.
The mold is a hollow cavity that includes the desired shape, but the mold also includes runners and risers that enable the metal to fill the mold.
Proponents of New Archaeology advocated using processual methods to test hypotheses about the interaction between culture and biology, or a biocultural approach.
Some archaeologists advocate a more holistic approach to bioarchaeology that incorporates critical theory and is more relevant to modern descent populations.
The science that uses tree rings to study present climate and reconstruct past climate.Researchers conclude that the Qur’an manuscript is among the earliest written textual evidence of the Islamic holy book known to survive.